Paola Molina Noguera, Co-Founder of All with Voice
The custom is used when we lack legal frameworks or punishments for crimes that are recurrent, but that few raise their voices to change history.
It has become common that when we live the electoral processes the deep discrimination that exists towards women based on gender is evident, when accessing popularly elected positions or during the electoral campaign. But nevertheless, women's political rights are contemplated in international treaties, as well as in the constitutions of the different countries.
For example, la Cedaw (Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women) establishes that the States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to eliminate discrimination against women in the political and public life of the country and, in particular, will guarantee women, on equal terms with men. The Belem do Pará Convention determines the right of women to have equal access to public service in their country and to participate in public affairs, including decision making.
The inclusion of women in the public sphere has been full of simulation, it is common to witness the registration of women for candidates who then resign to be occupied by a man, fictitious selection processes within political parties, registration of women in districts that are not winners, located in non-exiting positions on the multi-member lists, not counting the threats they suffer, exposed to physical and psychological violence, their abilities are underestimated based on stereotypes and their proposals are disqualified.
UN women shows a study of 2016 about sexism, harassment and violence against women in parliaments, Made in 39 countries in five regions and 42 parliaments, which reflected that: "he 81,8 percent of women had suffered psychological violence; the 46,7 percent were afraid for their safety and that of their family; the 44,4 percent had received death threats, rape, beatings or kidnapping; the 25,5 percent had suffered physical violence in parliament, these figures show a state of vulnerability and lack of protection to which women who participate in politics are exposed ".
Mexico in this 2020 took a step forward in this matter with the incorporation of new provisions of the General Law on Women's Access to a Life Free of Violence and where all the forms that women can receive as political aggression are criminalized.
It consists of a cross-sectional reform because it aims to address the problem of political violence from different perspectives and includes the modification of eight laws such as: the general of Institutions and Electoral Procedures, the general of the System of Means of Appeal in Electoral Matters, the General of Political Parties, the General on Electoral Crimes, that of the Attorney General of the Republic, of the Judicial Power of the Federation and that of Administrative Responsibilities.
In the case of the General Law on Electoral Institutions and Procedures, an administrative sanctioning procedure is established that will have the intervention of the INE and the Specialized Chamber of the Federal Electoral Tribunal..
These amendments at the legislative level seek to recognize and guarantee the enjoyment and enjoyment ofthe political and electoral rights of thewomen, the battle will be won when in the action and the operation the provisions of the law are respected. In the case of political parties that fail to comply with the provisions of the new reforms, they run the risk of losing their registration and those who have a candidacy and undermine these principles, they can lose it.
Discrimination against women in access to power or decision-making positions is a price paid by all of society, therefore, we need more women doing public policy, more in parliaments legislating in favor of gender causes, because a more equitable participation is a way to eradicate the different forms of violence that affect us all.