Editorial Dept. Voz de la Diaspora
Panama – The member governments of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) ratified their decision to reject proposals to reopen international trade in elephant ivory and rhino horn, at the end of the meeting that took place in Panama of the 14 al 25 of November.
CITES Secretary General, Ivonne Higuero said that the situation of the elephants “remained” since all the proposals presented to open the ivory market, as well as the one referring to the listing of all elephants in Appendix I, prohibiting international trade in species, did not receive consensus.
“It follows that there is no sale of ivory, and it follows that there are elephants that are in Appendix I and others in Appendix II”, the latter against trade, added fig tree.
A proposal from Kenya that sought to establish a fund to create financial resources in exchange for the destruction of ivory stocks was also not accepted..
“Parties maintained the status quo on key elephant-related issues, even by rejecting proposals that would open the door to future international trade in ivory and elephant skins from southern Africa”, said expert Adrian Reuter of the Wildlife Conservation Society, WCS for its acronym in English.
However, there was less clarity on issues related to international trade in live elephants and sustainable funding for the conservation of the species, therefore further dialogue between range States would be expected before the next meeting of the parties, Reuters claimed.
For the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) despite the pending challenges it is “A good grade” for the future of the species keep international trade in ivory and rhino horn closed.
“Any legal trade offers opportunities for laundering of poached elephant tusks and rhino horns to occur on the market by criminals”, the organization said in a statement.
“It is clear that there is no desire to reopen these dangerous businesses”, added the organization's assistant vice president of conservation, Matthew Collis.
Ivonne Higuero said that during the meeting in which representatives of some of the 180 countries, they took some 300 decisions.
end of cop19
During the meeting, new regulations for international trade under CITES were proposed for more than 600 animal and plant species.
Dr. Susan Lieberman, WCS Vice President of International Policy said that the proposals presented are evidence that there is continued overexploitation, and an unsustainable and illegal trade in species on the rise, added to other threats such as climate change, infrastructure development and habitat loss.
“Many of the proposals adopted at CITES CoP19 were bold and radical”, asserted Leverman
Near 100 shark and ray species added to CITES Appendix II to control unsustainable global trade in their fins and meat, similar protection was approved for freshwater turtles, and more 160 glass frog species seriously endangered by overexploitation.
“Over a million species are threatened with extinction if we don't change the way we treat wildlife”, said Matthew Collis of the IFAW.
Collis considered that governments in CITES have begun to understand the magnitude of the challenge in dealing with the crisis., since the overexploitation of species, even through international trade, is a key factor contributing to the decline of many species.
The conference also took a number of decisions regarding pandemic prevention and adopting a “One Health” approach. (one health) for wildlife trade management.
In this context, government agencies were urged to collaborate to identify and reduce the risks of contagion of pathogens along the supply chains of wildlife trade and CITES to collaborate with international efforts in this area..