By Wendy Peña
Dominican Republic. As part of the commemoration of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, It was held on Sunday the "March of butterflies against violence" in Santo Domingo. The mobilization was attended by about six thousand people, between women, boys and men.
The “butterflies”, they demanded, among other things, that rights and a life free of violence for all women without discrimination based on sexual orientation guarantee, gender identity, immigration status, age, disability or type of work performed; and the elimination of provisions in the Civil Code to allow marriage before 18 years.
In the Dominican Penal Code femicide is not recognized as such, nor it is described in a law. According to Julieta Tejada, spokesman for the Attorney General's Office (PGR), in an interview with Efe he said "femicide are running the exparejas or couples. Only we intimates ". That is to say, the prosecution only records cases in the environment Intimate Dating.
further, payment demanded equal pay for work of equal value in the labor market and which protect all workers from harassment in their places of work; education programs that promote gender equality and include comprehensive sex education, scientific and secular; that the prosecution implement effective measures to combat femicide and other forms of violence against women, among other.
Between 2005 and November 2019, the PGR has posted 1,295 feminicidios; Unlike the data published by the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL), in which it is emphasized that, in a shorter period, between January 2010 and September 2019, has registered 1,795 women murdered in the Dominican Republic. During November there have been at least eight the femicide.
These figures make the Dominican Republic at the top of Latin American countries with the highest incidence of cases of femicide, according ECLA.
"And not, and not, and not, and we will not stop. Here are the daughters of the Mirabal sisters "; "alert, alert, Walking alert the struggle of women in Latin America ", were some of the slogans that were heard during the march.
Tribute to the Mirabal sisters
The 25 November 1960, under the dictatorship of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo a squad of members of the Military Intelligence Service (SIM) He beat to death Patria, Minerva and Maria Teresa Mirabal, militants active against the regime. Their bodies appeared to the northeast of the country in a vehicle, with the Rufino de la Cruz, the driver who had traveled to the prison where their husbands were arrested. In local newspapers it reported that it was an accident. Nobody believed. Trujillo was assassinated 30 May 1961.
The murder of "butterflies", name that were known in hiding, It was the trigger for the fall of Trujillo. Honoring them, in 1981, the United Nations designated the day of his death as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
Mirabal Sisters Cultural Festival
As part of the activities related to the commemoration, every two years is celebrated “Festival Hermanas Mirabal”, in the municipality of Salcedo, Hermanas Mirabal Province. This was where they lived their last ten months of life with their children, parents and sister.
Belgium Adela Mirabal Reyes, known as Dede, after the murder of her sisters became responsible for the 6 nephews who were left orphaned and raised with her three children. further, He spent his maternal home in memory of her sisters and turned into a museum.
In the seventh edition of this festival, It was attended by an Argentine independent theater group, formed by 6 women, who rode the play "November 25 or the behavior of butterflies", manifesting life, murder and the memory of the Mirabal sisters.