27 September, 2022

Nayib Bukele appoints Vice President Ulloa to promote constitutional reforms in El Salvador

By Dennis Aguillón

President of El Salvador, Nayib Bukele authorized the vice president, Félix Ulloa to coordinate future reforms to the Political Constitution of the Republic, according to a publication in the Official Gazette.

Ulloa, a lawyer with extensive experience, would be accompanied by a team of experts to discuss and propose changes to the Magna Carta.

The Executive Agreement 295, published in the Official Gazette on 1 of September, but known in the last hours, explains that the constitutional changes would be aimed at establishing "a modern and efficient legislation, according to the current needs of society ".

The announcement has generated concern among jurists, since they consider that it is not the best time to make constitutional reforms.

The Citizen Action Lawyer, Eduardo Escobar states that the changes to the Political Constitution have certain limitations since “the political system cannot be reformed, nor the alternation in the government ", because there is a limitation in that sense, Explain.

Escobar considers that it would be necessary to see what the meaning of the reform is "to see if it is democratically acceptable or not.".

In El Salvador, two legislative periods are required to carry out constitutional reforms, the first approves with 43 votes or simple majority, while the next ratifies with a qualified majority or 56 votes, according to the law.

Hence, Escobar emphasizes that "the president has no initiative for constitutional reform", Faced with this situation, Vice President Ulloa would have to put together a project and transfer it to the deputies related to President Bukele for approval..

Secondly “they have a fatal deadline to approve the reforms ", the lawyer emphasized. That is to say, before the legislative elections of the 28 February 2021.

The Constitution in 1983 was protected from future reforms, in a scheme that at the time was called rigid.