Recognition of 20 Equality initiatives or policies that favor participation in the social and economic context of women in Latin America to some extent.
Editorial Dept. Voz de la Diaspora
For women the 2020 it was a year of violence, fight, conquests and resilience, a year in which, despite the pandemic, rights were asserted and some steps were taken towards gender equality in Latin America, that must be recognized.
"For All With Voice, the rights between women and men, as well as eradicating gender violence, It will be achieved if we work focused on building a sociocultural change in our region. This is an extremely urgent job, since a woman is murdered every two hours in Latin America for being a woman and because, according to the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CEPAL) we are the most unequal region on the planet, despite the economic and social advances of the first years of this century ", Khadine Sanhueza pointed out, President of Todos Con Voz.
The pandemic did not stop awareness, protests and the pro-women movement have been strengthened, proof of this is that they have been a central part of the media agenda, of social networks and questioning the responsibility of the government in attending to violence against women, which in most countries represent more than half of its population.
"The year began with a Latin America that dressed in purple, the 8 of March, where Mexico, Chile and Argentina showed strength, determination and courage of the women of the region. We were participants and witnesses of a mass phenomenon that had resonance throughout the world, demonstrating that Latino women demand a region free from violence, without impunity, with Justice, where we have the same opportunities and rights as men ", commented the President of Todos Con Voz.
Although the social inequality gap increased as a result of the pandemic, confinement and domestic violence, it is important to make visible the achievements in terms of political rights, Economic and Social of Women in Latin America. Thus, the movement Todos Con Voz elaborated a Top 20 with the main moments that marked the 2020.
- Guatemala: National Coalition for the Economic Empowerment of Women
An alliance to provide more and better employment and business opportunities to women, addressing the barriers that prevent their participation in the economy.
Indigenous women were included as a priority in the efforts, considering that a 79% of them live in poverty
- Mexico, Chile and Argentina: Women took to the streets to protest against violence.
The 8 of March, Women's Day, in Mexico, Chile and Argentina women dressed in purple, to protest like never before on the continent.
They raised their voices to protest against machismo and violence that year after year leaves hundreds of femicides.
- Mexico: National Strike "A day without us"
The 9 March, a women's strike was called in Mexico, to demonstrate its importance in the country's economy. This expression left companies without the 40% of its payroll and raised awareness of the need to guarantee equal conditions and impacted more than half the GDP of that day.
- Colombia: Modification to the Sole Regulation of the Public Function Sector
The 21 March the decree was issued 455 that added a chapter to this regulation in order to guarantee equal rights between men and women, without discriminating.
According to official information, it is sought to comply with the Equity Pact for women contained in the Bases of the National Development Plan.
- Panama: Political Violence Law
The 22 April, Panamanian deputy Kayra Harding sued Deputy Jairo Salazar for assault. Harding was hit in the face with a bottle of water in the Legislative Assembly. The 20 October the Law on Political Violence was approved, that establishes rules for a contest on equal terms between men and women, sanctions actions and force and denigrating attitudes.
- Mexico: Ingrid Law - Protection of data of victims of femicide
In May, the law that protects victims of femicide was approved, the regulation seeks to prevent the filtering of images, videos and audios by public servants. The objective is that the already violated bodies are respected and the morbidity is not fed from the diffusion.
- Peru: Gender equity law in public office
The regulations would guarantee that at least the 40% of democratically elected positions are for women, progressively increasing the number until full parity is achieved. The law will take effect in April 2021.
- Chile: Modification of the Civil Code allowing second marriages
The 28 of July, The Senate of the South American country unanimously approved the elimination of the period required for women to remarry. The previous regulations, in force since the nineteenth century did not allow women to remarry until 270 days after your divorce.
- Ecuador: Rights to health for women, girls and the LGTBI community
The bill took 8 years to materialize and the 25 August with 79 votes. Guarantees the right to health with universal scope, including access to sexual and reproductive health care with the provision of comprehensive services.
- Brazil: Equal pay between male and female footballers
The 2 of September, the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) announced that it will pay the same to men and women who participate in the national team. The country is one of the first to guarantee equitable income, which includes prizes and per diem.
- Chile: Time Magazine recognized "Las Tesis"
In September, the feminist collective "Las Tesis" received recognition from Time magazine, that placed them among the influential personalities of the 2020. "A rapist in your way" became a feminist anthem worldwide, replicated in different languages. For the first time a feminist movement was considered by this publication.
- Mexico: Feminists take over the CNDH facilities
The 4 of September, the group “Ni una menos México” took over the facilities of the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) in Mexico City, in Veracruz, Michoacán and Ecatepec.
They denounced the lack of intervention of the agency in the face of human rights violations and femicides. Mothers and other relatives of the victims participated.
- Peru: Law for the partition of women in boards of State companies
The 8 October, the country approved the regulations that promote gender parity and are applied in national companies or in which the State is a shareholder. It is considered an advance in parity and alternation at the national level.
- Chile: New Political Constitution
The 25 In October, the plebiscite was approved to draft a new Political Constitution in parity. Currently different feminist groups are working on the development of proposals that include key articles to achieve gender equality in the country.
- Mexico: Olimpia Law - A stop to digital harassment
The 10 of November, the Senate approved the regulations that typify various crimes related to digital harassment, especially the dissemination of intimate and sexual content. Those who violate this law could go up to 6 years in jail.
- Bolivia: Activist Network supports victims of violence during the pandemic
The 16 of November, UN Women announced the formation of a network of activists to directly support women victims and survivors of gender-based violence during the pandemic. According to the UN, in 3 decade 10 households, there was domestic violence in the period of mandatory confinement.
- The Savior: Feminists took over city monuments
The 25 of November, on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, A group of feminists came to the Monument of the Constitution in San Salvador to express their rejection of the femicides that are increasing more and more in the country. The actions generated rejection in social networks, but nevertheless, the next day a woman was brutally attacked by her ex-partner, who knocked her unconscious after hitting her with a rock. The event was recorded on video.
- Costa Rica: Care protocol for onset of pregnancy approved
The 4 from December, the Ministry of Health reported the approval of the Protocol of clinical care for the medical procedure for therapeutic onset of pregnancy. The project standardizes the medical actions of the professionals involved in the assessment of women whose life or health is in danger while pregnant. It allows the request to interrupt the pregnancy and the training of professionals.
- Argentina: The IVE Law was approved
The 30 December and after a long discussion in the Senate, parliamentarians approved the Law on Voluntary Termination of Pregnancy.
The regulations allow the onset of pregnancy up to one week 14, but it also considers reproductive sexual education and free contraceptive methods for women.
- Dominican Republic: Definitively banned child marriage
The 30 from December, The Chamber of Deputies of the Dominican Republic approved the bill that prohibits child marriage in the country, where links of girls were allowed from the 15 years. The law will now go for enactment.
Progress has been made in the design of equality policies that favor participation in the social and economic context of women to some extent. But we still have a long way to go to achieve equality. Laws must be implemented so that women regain confidence in the system and in justice. Effective protection measures are needed, ongoing training on political rights, economic and social of women, and opportunities.
"We will continue to raise our voice. To ensure that women's human rights are respected, it is essential to raise awareness about the importance of a sociocultural change in which women and men must participate., taking into account a detailed knowledge of the cultures of our peoples and the power behind the laws and public policies of our region ", concluded Khadine Sanhueza, President of the Latin American Movement, All With Voice.
About All With Voice
It is a movement that seeks to make visible, sensitize and train about social rights, political and economic status of women in Latin America, working hand in hand with all sectors of society that fight for a fairer region, that allows to achieve change and advance towards gender equality.
The commitment is to contribute to the social roles of gender equality as a sociocultural change.
It is a group of people with social sensitivity whose goal is to create and contribute to generating cells of change for equality and non-violence in the countries of our Latin America.