Human trafficking has a female face

Globally, 70% of trafficking victims are women and girls, of which 70% They are sexually exploited.

Editorial Dept. Voz de la Diaspora

“He used to live with my family, But I met my love and get together. Shortly after he began prostituting. Since I'm here at home and I do not see, they will not let me, and really I do not want to see it because it has made me much dañO. I spent three months that”. (Camila, Bolivia).

Human trafficking is a global phenomenon and is one of the most lucrative illegal activities, after drug trafficking and arms. According to estimates of the United Nations, more of 2,4 million people are currently being exploited as victims of human trafficking according to the UN Agency on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

According to the Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2018 UNODC, trafficking has taken alarming proportions globally with respect to the number of women and girls who are being affected by this crime.

Every year increasing numbers of cases where the victims are not only adults reported, but also boys or girls. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of cases, of the 22% in 2015 al 26% in 2017 and a 30% end of 2018, according to the extracted data of the Global Platform on Trafficking in Persons (Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative – CTDC).

The purposes of trafficking can be diverse and among them is the commercial sexual exploitation It is one of the most horrendous violations of human rights. It is the total denial of rights as subjects, to reduce girls, children, adolescents and women to objects, not only sexual pleasure, but objects of trade, that can be bought and sold.

According to the CTDC (2017), America becomes the region with the highest numbers, as, a total of 18,000 Trafficked, more than 70% are designed to commercial sexual exploitation and, in this group, most are women and girls.

Central and North America has identified growth of sexual exploitation, where girls and women victims of this crime, They represent about 75% of the total. Partly, This growth has been encouraged by the phenomenon of mass exodus of people, in recent years, They are looking to migrate irregularly due to violence, political crisis and poverty in their countries of origin. In South America the situation is even more critical, reporting that a large majority, near to 96% of sexually exploited victims of trafficking, they are women.

The figures show, on the one hand, a reality of gender inequality, far from being settled, ever going increased. While the world the struggle for women's rights has taken a higher level of relevance, Many agreements are not yet fully assumed by countries, either through public policies or concrete actions.

They other aspects are added as machismo, tolerance and insensitivity to violence and even positive assessment regarding sexual behavior of adult men with younger women and less power, and the legitimization of sex work “as a necessary evil”, who have been naturalized as practices for the development of hegemonic masculinity, in which “man builds” and women are stigmatized.

“All this worries us, particularly, by reverse this problem represents in terms of ensuring human rights in particular of children and meeting the objectives of Sustainable Development (ODS) we have set as a global conglomerate, and in particular the goal of eliminating all forms of violence against women and girls in the public and private sectors, including trafficking and sexual exploitation and other forms of exploitation”, said a statement from the organization Educo, global NGO for development and humanitarian action acting for more than 25 years for children.

Educo denounces and repudiates any form of violence or abuse against children and adolescents. Thus, the organization carries out prevention initiatives and support to victims, in coordination with public authorities and civil society, in countries like India and Bolivia, where trafficking for sexual exploitation is a serious social problem.

“Camila” It is the real name of a young woman who is struggling to overcome the difficult situation experienced as a victim of trafficking and whose testimony this article begins. She is one of the teenagers living in the Transitory Home, It located in the city of El Alto, in Bolivia, a center that provides shelter and protection to girls and young women 10 a 18 years who have experienced commercial sexual exploitation. Through projects developed from 2012 by Educo and Munasim Kullakita Foundation shares technical comprehensive care and training for girls and young like Camila are made, so that it can achieve its proper social and family reintegration.

On the other hand, recognizing that irregular migration can generate an increase of this scourge Educo, junto al ChildFund Alliance, implementing the project “I trust” to prevent irregular migration girls, children and adolescents in Central America and Mexico, which involved nearly 254,000 young boys, thereby seeking to minimize their exposure to trafficking.