Toronto, Glen. Benjamín Cuéllar, former director of the Human Rights Institute of the Universidad Centroamericana "Jose Simeon Canas" (IDHUCA) of El Salvador is clearly one of the most authoritative voices human rights in Central America and Mexico. Last week I was in Toronto making a personal visit type, but he took the opportunity to discuss with his compatriots the reality of the Central American country.
Cuéllar co-founded the Center for Human Rights "Fray Francisco de Vitoria", in Mexico, which he was Executive Secretary to the end of 1991, when his native El Salvador moved to take over as Director of IDHUCA, where he worked for more than a decade.
Currently he is a researcher and independent consultant on human rights, Justice, democracy and security, and he is also co-founder and member of the Laboratory for Social Research and Action Against Impunity (LIASCI).
"We call Laboratorio because there are already many Observatories, and no longer needed to continue observing indicators that nobody uses, That's why we created a Laboratory, because we believe there to experience, try new formulas ", explains at presentation.
The activity was organized by the Canadian Association Salvadoreño (ASALCA), and the room is a few dozen Salvadorans. Maybe it's because it's Saturday, or because it's summer, or because there are plenty of events in Toronto that night that few people came to talk with a social activist who has captured the front pages of the media for nearly two decades. Or maybe it's because people outside are tired of a country that is still living the same pests in a 27 years when the Peace Accords were signed, with virtually no change.
“The Amnesty Law, Human Rights in El Salvador, 40 years after the assassination of Monsignor Romero. Blood hunger and Impunity ", was the title of the conference. And Cuéllar briefly toured the country's history since the previous century, explaining that El Salvador has always lived as in a state of "Pressure Cooker", in which the fundamental ingredients have been a small territory, a large overpopulation, poverty and violence.
"In the years 60 the exhaust valve was migration and CACM. This did not work and the pressure cooker followed by heating with electoral fraud, military dictatorships without pressure relief. Monsignor Romero murder, Left leaders, the final offensive is launched 1981 and war develops ", Explain.
After the war ends with the Peace Accords, a Commission of Truth is created to clarify the serious violations of human rights, but immediately an amnesty law is declared and continues the historical impunity in the country, points.
A) Yes, today, dice, "In El Salvador is structurally serious violation of human rights remains, I summarize in three parts: Hungry, because they are still suffering hunger (to illustrate the violation of economic rights, social and cultural); Blood, because blood continues to be shed (to highlight the issue of the right to life, personal safety and physical integrity) and Impunity, because the law refuses to justice ".
"It would start to correct the first two things if working for justice in our country work, that institutions deliver justice without distinguishing who's who, (why) to the extent that injustice remains, It indicates that the project was proposed as the solution (Peace Agreements) and even it exported as a model, He has failed, because it has remained only appearances, the shape, but he has not hit bottom ", points.
Cuellar is a passionate critic of the injustices committed in El Salvador, and he explains that to the extent that "failed project" is maintained for many years, the situation is worse because in addition to the blood spilled, deaths, disappearances, "The problem is the death of hope, because a people with hope, even if desperate moves, but a desperate people, hopeless, it is dangerous".
Asked whether the election of the new president in El Salvador, n watch, who took office last June, It brings hope to his country, states, as if he dictated a chair, there is a fairly marked illusionism exercise right now in the Central American country ", and more than hope, people are being captured and coopted by the illusionist that I would be the first to recognize at some point that I was wrong if things change the course they have followed these days and even before he took office, because there is consistency in the exercise of government ".
To end, He adds that the violation of human rights left no victims and victimizers right, rich or poor victims and victimizers. "Impunity has no ideology or social class, and while people do not protest, impunity in El Salvador will not end ", Refine.