Editorial Dept. Voz de la Diaspora
The Savior – The deputies of the Salvadoran parliament approved increasing sentences for the crime of rape, through reforms to the articles 158 Y 162 the Penal Code. The amendments made establish sentences of between eight and 12 years.
Previously, This crime was punished with penalties of between six and 10 years in prison.
In addition to the increase in convictions, aggravating factors were added that increase the maximum penalty by up to two thirds (until 36 years in prison).
These aggravating factors are: that the crime is committed against persons older than 60 years, that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus is transmitted to the victim (VIH) or other sexually transmitted diseases.
Likewise, that the victim is in a state of unconsciousness due to the use of alcohol, drugs or other intoxicants, and if the abused person becomes pregnant as a result of the rape.
According to data from the deputies who approved the motion between 2012 Y 2017, more of 12 thousand girls and boys suffered sexual abuse, without exemplary penalties to punish the aggressors.
At the region level, The country with the highest sentences is Mexico. (from eight to 20 years), followed by Costa Rica (of 10 a 16), from Honduras (from nine to 13) and Guatemala (from five to eight).
“The crime of rape contemplates one of the greatest violations of the human rights of people, affecting not only present and future decision-making, but putting their close relationships at risk”, said the deputy president of the Women's Commission, Alexia Rivas.