By Lucia Erazo
It's been 198 years since Central America became independent from the Spanish government, In this context the Maestro Alfredo Ramirez, coordinator of the Degree in History from the University of El Salvador makes their assessments regarding the process of Independence, recent history and civic celebrations of that country.
Build a country is a process. El Salvador now we know has gone through many social changes and of course a variety of opinions on the best course of the nation, for example, early nineteenth century was discussed about creating a new monarchy or a republic, in the middle of this century the discussion was focused on the desirability of establishing an agrarian republic (based on agriculture) or a liberal (based on trade).
Regardless of the decision, there are always winners and affected. With these changes, indigenous peoples affected out, for example: the monarchy required collective taxes while the liberal republic demanded individual assessments, It arises why the uprising led by Anastasio Aquino.
With the above historical fact, it can be seen that, Although independence "is a social process with its own momentum has been (and remains) guided by the decisions and interests of elites ", emphasizes the historian.
According to Ramirez, El Salvador remains a state in formation, Independent, but weak, "We are very vulnerable (economically) to influences from other countries like the United States, Mexico and Colombia, although there are "powerful" people they prefer it that way ".
As for the civics, the historian believes that "we are in crisis of national identity, after the peace accords we are left with a very militarized civic celebration ".
further, He explains that it continues to pay honor to the nation and not the nation. The country is the homeland to which we must pay tribute to almost blind one way because we were born, instead the nation is something that is built and that has more to do with cultural aspects, but nevertheless, in El Salvador it has been reduced to the national flower, national symbols or pupusas; but no such thought in highlighting the ability of Salvadorans to be entrepreneurs, to develop scientific knowledge, development in techniques or cottage industries. In the country we continue with a very old speech, as the years 60 Y 70 where the country is honored with the flag and march. Should reinvent El Salvador, Ramirez says
As well, It recognizes that the celebrations allow Salvadorans strengthen their identity as individuals. Primarily the Salvadoran diaspora with ties to the country through civic festivals. The we can criticize or point, but it does not mean they are not useful, supports.
Staying in your field of study, Ramirez believes that the history of the nation must be placed in context. "We must be aware that national history will not always be positive and of great men, sometimes it will be tough, but that does not mean we can not learn from the past to address this. Linking past and present should be aware, but also it must be mediated by appropriate institutions and professional people who manage to build that connection. You have to think and form a new nation for Salvadorans ", historian ends.