Salvadoran journalism against the “Fake News”

"There are thousands of men and women with high values ​​press who have not sold their conscience, you have to call them to defend our principles and defend journalism height, the independent,
one that costs us even threats we receive ".

2-8-2019. Photo VD / Courtesy: Pixabay.
By Yaneth Estrada

The boom of social networks in recent years, with increased 33% according to the Household Survey of Multiple DYGESTIC 2018, also it increased the publication of the "Fake News" or false news "seudoperiodístico" content, whose main objective is misinformation.

Salvadoran journalists analyzed with great career this phenomenon and the commitments of serious and responsible work information.

Journalist and editor of the Graphic Press magazine El Economista, Mariana Belloso said that "it is something that is happening around the world, is that the fight for time, by the traffic, By becoming viral, we can say that is the supremacy of immediacy, why quality journalism remains very important in our democracy, although people do not assess, although they do not appreciate public. I think that journalists see with sadness that the public do not appreciate a good note, it has cost us to work, fails to be viral as a note of the famous bikinazos, but that should not discourage us ".

"Thus, Now more than ever we know that the best journalist is not who says it first, but who says it best, so, It's not about wanting to be the first, but unverified information ", he emphasized.

Mariana Belloso

Call to defend the principles

With a long history in international media, the president of the Voice of Diaspora, Milagro Vallecillos considered that " “Fake News” They are an attack on our highest journalistic principles. It's time to get up, to make common front. We, vocation journalists must step up and defend ethical journalism, the real".

Likewise, Vallecillos stressed that "there are thousands of men and women with high values ​​press who have not sold their conscience, you have to call them to defend our principles and defend journalism height, the independent, one that costs us even threats we receive. The principles are not negotiable, those on the dark side “Fake News” are not journalists, never will be, They are an insult to our sacred profession ".

Milagro Vallecillos

Serafín Valencia, president of the Association of Journalists of El Salvador "the Fake News fit within the broadcast content by means, means two types of content disseminated, informative and one more widespread, that is to say, within this general content, It is everything that has been amassed through social networks, we can not call you information because they are classified contents disinformative, which they have always existed throughout time, perhaps what has become preponderant or crowded is the emergence of new technologies, Internet, social networks, etc., which also pushed the boom when the concept of freedom of expression of citizens born ".

"We must emphasize that politicians use the Fake News as a mechanism to bring water to his mill, to take political campaign or to face their opponents, through this, can be identified, for example, half information, half-truths, half-lies and appeal to emotions, right now the politicians are making use of it, taking advantage of misinformation and confusion generated by the release of Contender everywhere without any sieve ", he added.

Serafín Valencia

The worst enemy of the press

According to Gesell Tobias, Salvadoran journalist at the Voice of America (Spanish division) false news is the worst enemy of objective and responsible press. further, They call into question any information and existence itself, send a message to audiences, that journalists are writing always lies with dark purposes, personal or responding to personal interests ".

"One of the best ways to combat false news is to use the most basic rules of journalism: confirm sources and provide balance, before sharing, replicate or disseminate any information, we confirm the origin of sources and / or cited as part of the information ", he said Tobias.

Gesell Tobias

"It is important to mention the false news (Fake News) against real or objective news, because if it is true journalism has evolved as communication itself through technology and is allowing communicators advance immediacy, fluidity and speed, in reporting tasks, consultation sources, drafting, Press edition, radio, TV, photo and imaging, now it made easier with a phone, take a picture and upload information, but where ethics is, the context, the human sense, the journalistic treatment?, all that makes information professional unlike an influencer ", said Milagro Orellana, correspondent for Voice of Diaspora in Los Angeles, California, U.S.

Milagro Orellana

Nestor Martinez, editor, environmental journalist and head of the International section in Diario Co Latino said that "the name says it is a fake news, "False news" because this is not a news actually is more a note, a lie, a misrepresentation, manipulation, disinformation, because the news as such, as conceived journalism is a professional writing that seeks to inform, create awareness, educate and not manipulate ".

Nestor Martinez