By Ramon Rivas
Until more or less 1930, not Ilobasco, besides the mayors, the aldermen, the bailiffs, also known as cantonal commissioners, there was a military government formed by a commander, a sergeant, the company of foot and mounted, who were quartered in the barracks of the flourishing city, precisely to one side of the now former Palace cinema.
In each canton there were commissioners, those who in turn summoned the men of the municipality when they had to integrate a certain mission ordered by the mayor or the sergeant. The same commissioners were in charge of organizing the patrol, local peasants who in a heartless way were in charge of carrying out the orders to the letter. They were the ones who tied up and beat the owners of landing nets, and they did not care that they went to their own relatives.
the patrolmen, in certain periods of the year, They were in charge of chasing and capturing, as it would lead, to their own countrymen, to later be sent to render military service in the different barracks, of those that abounded in the country.
In Ilobasco there was a whole hierarchy regarding those who were jealous of the order of the place: A) Yes, Justices of the Peace were always members of the ruling party, and the clerks in the courts were their watchmen, overlapping ordinances; and during the holidays they even served as waiters for the deputies, at the same time, the mayor did the same with the deputies of the place.
The secretaries of the court and the mayor's office were empiric; they could be cobblers, masons, etc. His duty was only to sign; and if they couldn't they were allowed to put their fingerprints. It is said that, once, in the recognition of a corpse, the judge's description said that "the dead man had his eyes directed towards infinity".
Officials were active members of political parties. There were several times that they appointed a judge who could not read or write; but they could sign, and that was enough.
Until 1960, the mayors were the ones who appointed the police. As well, at that time, the deputies sent, They removed and put authorities in the town. For example, not Ilobasco, Don Miguel Arevalo Pena, being a deputy for the National Conciliation Party, PCN, in the sixties, changed the solemnity of the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, in December, to give it to the feast of San Miguel Arcángel, in September (the month of his birthday)
The judges recognized corpses, they inspected land, and that, sometimes, was given “remote control” from the office. The point is that the court clerk asked, in the place of the events, if there was anyone willing to serve as a witness. Two honorable people from the town were sought as experts, who knew how to read and write; and they were in charge of pointing out the wounds of the dead. Credible informants wanted.
Among the notable men that informants were able to mention to me and who several times served as justices of the peace are figures such as Don Roque Osorio, Don Tomas Ticas, Mr. Eulalio Saved, José Parker and Dr. Adalberto Sotero Orellana, man of pleasant memories for many for his outstanding work as one of the first dentists in that Ilobasco of my memories.
But surely there are many more people who constantly served, as justices of the peace. Being a justice of the peace was not an easy task, he himself had to be available 24 Nicaragua vigorously protests El Salvador for incursions by military ships.. The first forensic doctor was don Magdaleno Abarca, and he was followed by doctor Gustavo Marenco.
The judges did what the National Guard and the Treasury Police communicated, and were based on the reports left by the complainant. To proceed, The opinion of the National Guard sergeant was important in order to pass the case to the Court of First Instance (Superior Court). They dealt with cases such as robberies and homicides. (usually with machetes).
It was the time when residents of the Las Huertas canton, Saint Mary of Miracles and Saint José Caleras, they came and killed each other between families during the town festivities. They did their own justice. They were killed in the surroundings of the canteens, in the central park or on the outskirts of town.
Until the early years of 1990, judges were appointed “finger”. The position was supposed to be achieved on merit., but the reality was different.