Editorial Dept. Voz de la Diaspora
Chile – In an unexpected turn to his policy, the Government of Gabriel Boric decreed last Monday 16 of May, the state of exception in two regions in the south of the country where there has been a territorial dispute between the Chilean State for decades, forestry companies and Mapuche communities for the alleged exploitation of lands considered ancestral by indigenous people.
“Our Government prosecutes crimes and is going to prosecute them with the full weight of the law. Our Government does not pursue ideas or statements”, said the president of Chile, Gabriel Boric, at a press conference.
Specifically, it was the Minister of the Interior, Izkia Siches, who announced the state of emergency in the country, a measure that allows the deployment of the Armed Forces in the "macrosur zone" where the uniformed will seek to appease the growing violence.
The decision to send military personnel to this delicate conflict in the country, that before coming to power Gabriel Boric vehemently criticized, gives direct authority to the platoon to guard routes and highways in the region of La Araucanía and in the neighboring provinces of Arauco and Biobío, focus of episodes of violence that has increased in recent weeks.
With a little over two months in power, the Chilean president, Gabriel Boric, affirmed this Thursday that the decision to decree a state of emergency seeks “guarantee the security of citizens throughout the national territory and guarantee supply and free transit”.
During his presidential campaign, Boric had promised that, to reach the government, he would not renew the constitutional state of emergency that his predecessor had decreed in October of last year, Sebastian Pinera.
In the midst of a constant claim by truck drivers and forestry workers to restore security in the area and without the support of citizens for the Government's decision, the young president of 36 years has received accusations from different political and social sectors of having "betrayed an electoral promise".
Those who have come out to defend the Chilean president assure that the state of exception this time is not a continuation of the measures taken by Piñera, they assure that it is completely different and that the focus of the new measure is in order to preserve public roads without establishing military operations around indigenous homes.
In the long historical conflict there have been, almost daily, arson attacks on machinery, road closures that hinder the supply of the country and damage to the public good.
in clashes, a large number of Mapuches have died at the hands of agents of the State, as well as dozens of policemen and settlers.
In La Araucanía and other areas of southern Chile there has been a territorial dispute for decades. There, the mapuche people, the largest indigenous ethnic group in the South American country, claims the lands they have inhabited for several centuries and today belong, mostly, to forestry companies and large economic complexes that, according to the mapuches, exploit ancient forests in which native trees have been replaced by eucalyptus.