Toronto, Glen. protests, slogans and shootings have declined in Nicaragua exploded after exactly one year ago, but nevertheless, the conflict remains latent and the international community continues to press.
Last week it became known that the Canadian government quietly suspended all direct aid to Nicaragua, based on what he considers “the deteriorating situation of human rights” in the Central American nation under the chairmanship of former commander of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) Daniel Ortega.
The suspension occurred last summer and affected a number of projects ranging from rural electrification to pregnancy prevention in young, which they were being funded directly by Canada for an approximate value of $60 millions.
The Nicaraguan conflict began exactly 18 April last year, when several thousand people took to the streets to protest against a reform of the social security system adopted by the government of President Daniel Ortega, which then repealed, and it has now escalated into a struggle for control of the government.
As a result of this confrontation that has developed both on the domestic front and internationally, between 200 Y 500 people have died and between 300 Y 700 They are in jail, depending on who is the source providing the data.
Nicaragua went well, From overnight, being one of the most politically stable countries and greater economic growth in Latin America to become a daily battle field and one more example of the struggle for political control, economic and ideological on the continent.
"It's a very complex situation and there are many factors influencing. There is also an interest linked to US policy sectors who want to end the Ortega government, because he is regarded as an ally of President of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, since it overthrows the government of Ortega would further weaken the government of President Maduro, that is who really interests the US government for the enormous natural resources and wealth of the Venezuelan subsoil ", Nicaraguan journalist says Guillermo Fernandez.
Fernandez was the editor of Barricada International in the early 1990 in Nicaragua and is currently professor of Latin American studies at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (ONE). He was visiting Toronto participating in an international forum and took the opportunity to discuss the political and social situation in their country of origin.
"Nicaragua is experiencing a crisis, there is a tension between opposing political forces, between the government legally constituted and fairly small sector of the population that wants to force early elections are held, a requirement that have been raised almost since President Daniel Ortega was re-elected in the 2011. There is a sector of the opposition who never accepted the return of the Sandinista National Liberation Front commander let alone Ortega again for president ", says journalist, trying to summarize what is happening in your country.
But he explains that this crisis has been largely controlled, because if compared incidents that occurred last year, where there was a lot of violence and a lot of confrontation, with what is happening now, one year later, That is no longer seen, although "in a sense this could also be misleading, because someone who is not very aware of the situation, if it Managua, You might think that nothing is happening or nothing happened, because you will not see signs of a crisis, a crisis that is latent ".
It states that some observers and analysts argue that the events of last year was an awakening of youth was numb and became interested and involved in politics and to demand democracy.
"It seems to me rather like there is a setback, because we are almost in conflicts similar to those of the century 19 when these so-called liberal and conservative groups were civil wars and faced only by wielding power, to assume the government, although there was not many real differences, deep in terms of political programs including ", assures.
He explains that right now really socially demands are not seen in Nicaragua, They're not here, so the current struggles and confrontations that are very different from those confrontations that occurred in the Central American country over the years 60, 70 Y 80, and even the 90, where large sections of the population protesting against neoliberal policies that were economically strangling the population.
"In this case, the conflict is in order of who runs the government, because the reality is that in terms of social policy and economic policy, who takes office it will not be able to do something different than what the government has done Ortega, on the other hand has been who has shown in the past three years increased sensitivity to the most impoverished sectors ", points.
Fernandez argues that the government of President Ortega effectively has lacked flexibility, more openness and tolerance dissent, towards the opposition protester, because "the answer given to certain protests, certain expressions of discontent, they were very legitimate, They contributed to this image of a dictatorial government created, but does fata a commission to investigate these facts and the truth is reached ".
"In some cases the police exceeded, He had excessive force, but there is also much evidence that the protests were not entirely peaceful, but there was a lot of violence and in that sense the police responded to the phenomenon ", raises.
To overcome the crisis says they must continue dialogue and, in your opinion, there should be a early elections, which would allow the government or the opposition legitimated. "To completely shut down the social tension that exists should make some sort of recall referendum, It should legitimize the electoral process ... because both sectors are taking an intransigent position ", assures.